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MonSno_LeeDra 03-17-15 10:19 PM

Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
If this is the wrong place please move it

I've had this for some time and though it might be useful to others who are sworn to Hekate or at least interested in her. I have purposely omitted some items due to language usage or audience focus, aimed at 3 - 10 years of age type thing. It's a large list and reflects my own biases and interests regarding the subject of reference material for Hekate / Hecate.

Books, Articles and Various for Hekate / Hecate reference
Section 1: Books

01. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature (American Classical Studies, No by Sarah Iles Johnston, 1990, 200 pages. PB, ISBN 1555404278 // ISBN 155540426X

02. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece by Sarah Iles Johnston, 2013-PB, 352 Pages, ISBN 0520280180 // ISBN 0520217071

03. Mantike: Studies in Ancient Divination (Religions in the Graeco-Roman World) by Sarah Iles Johnston, 2005, 322 pages, ISBN 9004144978

04. The Goddess Hekate by Stephen Ronan, 1992, 166 pgs, ISBN 0948366214

05. Hekate in Ancient Greek Religion by Ilmo Robert Von Rudloff, 1999, 176 pages, ISBN is 978-0-9696066-8-0 / 9780969606680

06. Hekate Liminal Rites: A Study of the rituals, magic and symbols of the torch-bearing Triple Goddess of the Crossroads by Sorita d'Este, 2009, 194 pages, ISBN 1905297238

07. HEKATE: Keys to the Crossroads - A collection of personal essays, invocations, rituals, recipes and artwork from modern Witches, Priestesses and Priests ... Goddess of Witchcraft, Magick and Sorcery by Sorita d'Este, 2006, 156 pages, ISBN-13: 9781905297092 // ISBN: 1905297092

08. HEKATE Her Sacred Fires by Sorita d'Este, 2010, 308 pages, ISBN-13: 9781905297351 // ISBN: 1905297351

09. Artemis: Virgin Goddess of the Sun & Moon--A Comprehensive Guide to the Greek Goddess of the Hunt, Her Myths, Powers & M by Sorita d'Este, 2005, 156 pages, ISBN-13: 9781905297023 // ISBN: 1905297025

10. Thracian Magic: Past and Present by Georgi Mishev, 2012, 338 pages, ISBN 1905297483

11. Rotting Goddess: The Origins of the Witch in Classical Antiquity by Jacob Rabinowitz, 1998, 154 pages, ISBN 157027035X

12. Crossroads by Greg Crowfoot, 2005, 188 pages, ISBN 1593303025

13. Bearing Torches: A Devotional Anthology for Hekate by Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 2009, 200 pages, PB, ISBN 1449917046

14. The Cults of the Greek States, Volume II [Vol. 2] by Lewis Richard Farnell, CHAPTER XVI - HEKATE pp. 501-519, ISBN 1236589580, Online ISBN: 9780511710438, Paperback ISBN: 9781108015448

15. Sacred Places of Goddess: 108 Destinations by Karen Tate, 2006, ISBN-13: 978-1-888729-17-7 // ISBN-10: 1-888729-17-1

16. Hecate I: Death, Transition and Spiritual Mastery (2nd Edition) by Jade Sol Luna, 2009, 260 pages, ISBN 1442184515
- Hecate I: Death, Transition and Spiritual Mastery (1st edition) Paperback – October 31, 2008 by Jade Sol Luna (still being sold)

17. Hecate II: The Awakening of Hydra by Jade Sol Luna, 2009, 326 pages, ISBN 0615344755

18. Triple Hekate mainly on votive reliefs, coins, gems and amulets by Elpis Mitropoulou (Very rare have not found a copy yet printed 1978), Pyli Ed, 1978

19. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World, by John G. Gager, Softcover, 1999, 296 pages, ISBN 0195134826 // ISBN 0195062264

20. A History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus and Branchidae, Volume 2, Part 2, Charles Thomas Newton and Richard Popplewell Pullan, CHAPTER XXIV pp. 554-572, Original Publication Year: 1863, Online ISBN:9780511910302, Paperback ISBN:9781108027274 About Lagina – Historical reference

21. The Temple of Hekate at Lagina, by Ahmet A. Tirpan – Zeliha Gider – Aytekin Buyukozer pg 181 – 202, Dipteros und Pseudodiptoros, BYZAS, Veroffenllichungen des Deutschen Archologischen Institits Istanbul, ISBN 978-605-5607-74-6 (English)

22. Labraunda and Karia, Proceedings of the International Symposium Commemorating Sixty Years of Swedish Archaeological Work in Labraunda, The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities Stockholm, November 20-21, 2008, ISSN 0346-6442 // ISBN 978-91-554-7997-8

- The Archaic architectural terracottas from Euromos and some cult signs by Suat Ateşlier, Pg 279 - 290

23. A N O D O S, Studies of the Ancient World, 6-7/2006-2007, CULT AND SANCTUARY THROUGH THE AGES, (From the Bronze Age to the Late Antiquity),

- DAŞBACAK, Coşkun: Hecate Cult in Anatolia: Rituals and Dedications in Lagina pg 143-148;

- SÖğÜT, Bilal: Naiskoi From the Sacred Precinct of Lagina Hekate: Augustus and Sarapis, PG 421-432

24. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells, edited by Hans Dieter Betz, 1997, 406 pages, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-04444-0

25. RITUAL TEXTS FOR THE AFTERLIFE, Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets Fritz Graf and Sarah Iles Johnston, 2013, 296 pages

26. ANCIENT GREEK CULTS, A guide by Jennifer Larson, 2007, 320 pages, ISBN-13: 978-0415491020 ISBN-10: 0415491029

27. Magika Hiera, Ancient Greek Magic and Religion, Edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink, Oxford University Press, 1997, 312 pages, ISBN 0-19-504450-9 / ISBN 0-19-511140-0

28. From Artemis to Diana: The Goddess of Man and Beast, 12 Acta Hyperborea 2009, Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2009, 585 pages

29. Magic, Witchcraft, and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman Worlds by Daniel Ogden, Oxford University Press, 2002 ISBN 0-19-513575-X; ISBN 0-19-515123-2

30. CHALDÆAN ORACLES, Translated and Commented by G. R. S. Mead (1908) version uses Hecat where later re-releases indicate Hecate.

31. Women’s Religions in the Greco-Roman World: A Sourcebook, ROSS SHEPARD KRAEMER, Editor, Oxford University press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-517065-2 (cloth); 0-19-514278-0 (pbk.)

32. Greek Religion by Walter Burker, – July 26, 1985, 512 pages

33. Various catalogs and Literature about Coin Collecting & Numismatics. A great deal of info and depictions of Hecate / Hekate on coins, tokens, can be discovered in the literature. These are just a few of the many journals, books, reports that are available. Requires a bit of determination on the part of the researcher to identify and discover how the coins reflect religion, economics, culture, geographical, etc influences. An underutilized source of information on many gods / goddesses.

- A Catalog of Greek Coins in the British Musuem, 28 Volumes

- ERIC - The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins – 2005 by Rasiel Suarez

- COINAGE AND IDENTITY IN THE ROMAN PROVINCES, Edited by Christopher Howgego, Volker Heuchert, Andrew Burnett, Oxford University Press, 2005

Section 1a: Books more LHP in focus

01. Queen of Hell by Mark Alan Smith, 2010,

02. The Red King (Trident of Witchcraft) by Mark Alan Smith, 2011,

03. MAGICK OF THE ANCIENT GODS, Chthonic Paganism & the Left Hand Path by Michael W. Ford, 2009, 254 pages, ISBN 978-0-578-02732-6

04. Book of the Witch Moon: Chaos, Vampiric & Luciferian Sorcery, The Choronzon Edition by Michael W. Ford, 2006, 456 pages, Hecate Queen of Witches, pg 98 - 107

05. HECATE'S WOMB (And other essays) by Jason Perdue, 2004, 146 pages

Section 1b: Have heard both good and bad reviews of these books

01. The Witches' Craft: The Roots of Witchcraft & Magical Transformation by Raven Grimassi, 2002, 282 pgs

02. The New Book of Goddesses & Heroines by Patricia Monaghan, 3rd edition, 1997, 384 pgs

03. Hecate - The Witches' Goddess – November 4, 2011 by Gary R. Varner, PB, 120 pages (more bad than good reviews on this one)

04. The Temple of Hekate - Exploring the Goddess Hekate through Ritual, Meditation And Divination by Tara Sanchez, 2011, 192 pgs, ISBN 1905297491 (Myself I’d not recommend it)

05. Goddess Connections Workbook Hekate [Kindle Edition] by Tara Reynolds, 17 pages

Section 1c: Books questionable history and / or heavily MMC influenced (Not ones I’d recommend)

01. Mysteries of the Dark Moon: The Healing Power of the Dark Goddess Paperback – May 22, 1992, 304 pages, by Demetra George

02. Hecate: Queen of the Witches or Wise Crone? (Celebrate the Divine Feminine; Reclaim Your Power with Ancient Goddess Wisdom) by Joy Reichard, Chapter 13, 2011

03. Queen of the Night: Rediscovering the Celtic Moon Goddess by Sharynne MacLeod Nic Mhacha, 2005, Forth Lunation (chapter 4)

04. Goddess Enchantment, Magic and Spells Volume 2: Goddesses Love, Abundance and Transformation by Carrie Kirkpatrick, 2011, Chapter 4, pg 68-77

05. Lost Goddesses of Early Greece: A Collection of Pre-Hellenic Myths Paperback, by Charlene Spretnak – August 3, 1992, 144 pages (This book has been compared to Robert Graves THE WHITE GODDESS in the author’s ability to suggest opinion as historical fact) Feminist seem to endorse it while historical based opinions find it to questionable.

06. Hecate (Monsters of Mythology) Library Binding, by Bernard Evslin – September, 1988, 87 pages (Most reviews and such suggest incorrect info and best to just toss it, part of his Monsters of series of books) Could not bring myself to read it entirely. Publishing date of 1988 suggests part of the issue’s presented, theories which are no longer endorsed or supported.

Section 2: Historical / Archaic / Modern Plays & Poetry

01. The Homeric Hymns (HYMN TO DEMETER) by Homer

01a The Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Translation, Commentary, and Interpretive Essays by Helene P. Foley, 1993, 320 pages.

02. The Argonautica by Apollonius of Rhodes

03. Medea by Euripides

03a Medea: Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosophy, and Art Paperback, by James J. Clauss (Editor), Sarah Iles Johnston (Editor)– January 12, 1997, 376 pages, ISBN-13: 978-0691043760 ISBN-10: 0691043760

04. Hesiod: Volume I, Theogony. Works and Days. Testimonia (Loeb Classical Library No. 57N) by Hesiod (Author), Glenn W. Most (Translator) – 2007, 308 pages,

05. The Orphic Hymm to Hekate


07. Ovid – The Metamorphoses - book vii & The Epistles of Ovid

08. John Keats – To Homer & On the Sea

09. William Shakespeare’s Plays
- A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act 5, Scene 1
- King Henry VI. Part I., Act 3 Scene 2
- Hamlet, Act III, Scene 2
- Macbeth, Act II, scene 1
- King Lear, Act 1, Scene 1

10. Pausanias' Description of Greece II.30.2

11. The Comedies of Plutus by Aristophanes

12. The Aeneid by Virgil, Robert Fitzgerald translation

13. Hymm to Minerva by Proclus – Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries by Thomas Taylor, 1891, Pgs 225 – 227.

Section 2a: Historical / Archaic / Modern Plays & Poetry more LHP

01. Aleister Crowley Invocation of Hecate

02. Invocation of Hecate , Queen of All Witchcraft

Section 3: Academic research articles

01. A Group of Marble Statuettes in the Ödemiş Museum” – Part of The Stone Artifacts of the Ödemiş Museum

02. Structure, Sculpture and Scholarship Understanding the Sanctuary of Hekate at Lagina, Amanda Elaine Herring, University of California (L.A.), 2011

03. Apollo, Ennodia, and fourth-century Thessaly by C.D. Graninger, Kernos 22 (2009), Varia

04. Karian, Greek or Roman? The layered identities of Stratonikeia at the sanctuary of Hekate at Lagina by Christina Williamson


06. City and Sanctuary in Hellenistic Asia Minor. Sacred and Ideological Landscapes by Christina Williamson

07. Hekate: Bringer of Light by Shelly M. Nixon, California Institute of Integral Studies.

08. Hekate with Apollo and Artemis on a Gem from the Southern Black Sea Region by MANOLIS MANOLEDAKIS


10. PLATO’S X & HEKATE’S CROSSROADS, ASTRONOMICAL LINKS TO THE MYSTERIES OF ELEUSIS by George Latura, Independent Researcher, Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. XX, No X, pp.xx-xx

11. Medea, Cytissorus, Hekate, they all came from Aea. Historical and Cultic Evidence from Hellas in the Golden Fleece Myths, Debbie Turkilsen and Joost Blasweiler, Publisher: Arnhem (NL) Bronze Age, ISBN/EAN: 978-90-820497-1-8 2014 Arnhem –Sydney

12. The Hecate of the Theogony, Jenny Strauss Clay, 1984, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 25: 27-38


Section 4: JSTOR articles

01. Diana Nemorensis by Andrew Alföldi, American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 64, No. 2 (Apr., 1960), pp. 137-144, Published by: Archaeological Institute of America, Article Stable URL:

02. Hecate: A Transfunctional Goddess in the Theogony By Deborah Boedeker Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-) Vol. 113, (1983), pp. 79-93 Published by: American Philological Association, Article Stable URL:

03. Hecate: Greek or “Anatolian”? by William Berg, Numen Vol. 21, Fasc. 2 (Aug., 1974), pp. 128-140 Published by: BRILL Article Stable URL:

04. The Running Maiden from Eleusis and the Early Classical Image of Hekate, Author(s): Charles M. Edwards Source: American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 90, No. 3 (Jul., 1986), pp. 307-318 Published by: Archaeological Institute of America Stable URL:

05. Empousa, Dionysus and the Mysteries: Aristophanes, Frogs 285ff Author(s): Christopher G. Brown Reviewed work(s): Source: The Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 41, No. 1 (1991), pp. 41-50 Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Classical Association Stable URL:

06. Crossroads, Author(s): S. I. Johnston Reviewed work(s): Source: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd. 88 (1991), pp. 217-224 Published by: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany) Stable URL:

07. The Chthonic Gods of Greek Religion Author(s): Arthur Fairbanks, Source: The American Journal of Philology,Vol. 21, No. 3 (1900), pp. 241-259 Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press Stable URL:

08. A Portrait of Hecate by Patricia A. Marquardt, The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 102, No. 3 (Autumn, 1981), pp. 243-260, Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press Article Stable URL:

09. The House-Door in Greek and Roman Religion and Folk-Lore Author(s): M. B. Ogle Source: The American Journal of Philology,Vol. 32, No. 3 (1911), pp. 251-271 Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press Stable URL:

Bartmanhomer 03-18-15 03:38 PM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
Wow! That's a lot of information! :o

petrus4 03-19-15 12:49 AM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
I am not sworn to Hecate, but I've had a certain amount of contact; not necessarily a large amount. She has helped me out a few times, and I did the deipnon for a few months as a means of saying thank you. I have some idea of a few of her correspondences, (she's very similar to Kali in many respects, although she tends to do things in substantially different ways) but I don't claim to know much about her at all. I do, however, give her credit for the inspiration for my recent herbalism/cooking recipes.

I see Kali and Hecate as sisters, and/or kindred spirits generally. The two Goddesses have a very large amount in common with each other. As such, for me at least, worship of one means receiving the attention of the other. That has its' pros and cons. In spiritual terms, I view Kali as my Mother, and Hecate as a maternal aunt. She does not have the same level of authority for me that Kali does, and there tends to be a lot more argument and distrust from me with her than with Kali; but occasionally she shows up. Almost all of my Gods have strong Binah correspondences; it's something I've had to learn to live with.

Hecate is...awkward, truthfully. She is actually a lot kinder than most people seem to think; and for some reason she seems to want to maintain a reputation for being more fearsome than she really is, at least in my experience. At the same time, while I'm ashamed to admit it, the main reason why I stopped doing the deipnon is because I am simply unable to tolerate her energy on a regular basis. It is essentially like rock; very, very dense.

She has perhaps the single most profound sense of justice in particular, of any deity I've encountered; and that alone is probably still the sole reason why I am inclined to trust her. She is essentially the Law of Correspondence (sympathetic resonance) personified, as I see it; although she is capable of doing the most horrific things to people, she absolutely will not unless the person in question genuinely deserves it. She has the most exquisite sense of proportion.

When dealing with her, you do need to tread lightly, although not as lightly as some people would have you think. If she was truly intolerant of plain speech, I would be a pile of smouldering ash at this point, considering some of the back talk that I have occasionally given her. She expects politeness, but she's one of the most pragmatic Gods around in my experience, as well; and given the amount of bullshit you have to deal with from some spirits, that can be extremely refreshing.

The only problem that I have with her is that as mentioned, I really do not like her energy very much at all. I've tried hard to overcome that, but I've never quite been able to do it. Said energy is somewhat dark, and simply very very dense and hard; impenetrable, is the word I would use.

I see her as someone who deserves a lot of respect and reverence (even love, although I've at times questioned whether or not she actually wants love) for who she is; but at the same time, she isn't necessarily someone who most of us are going to want in close proximity most of the time, either. She suffers from a very bad reputation; but like Agent Smith, (who also had Saturnine correspondence) she really isn't so terrible, once you get to know her.

They told me that you lied.
They said that you would do something bad to me.
Yet I can not seem to see that side,
When, when you're holding onto me.

MonSno_LeeDra 03-19-15 03:04 AM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
Petrus you might like the two Jade Sol Luna books as he does tie a lot of Eastern thoughts into his practice. At times seemingly going from talking about Hekate to talking about Kali.

In general though I do agree they seem to be very similar in many things. Though Kali always gets me with her dark cavern, blazing eyes and shinning teeth as she smiles at you in the darkness. It's always womb like in feel yet you know its not a hole in the ground, a place in some dark void or anything that should remind you of a womb. At times I'd swear it's actually a place inside her own head which sort of reminds me of the Athena birthing story of being born from Zeus' head.

Of course that's how she reveals herself to me can't say for others.

petrus4 03-19-15 04:20 AM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research

Originally Posted by MonSno_LeeDra (Post 319003)
Petrus you might like the two Jade Sol Luna books as he does tie a lot of Eastern thoughts into his practice. At times seemingly going from talking about Hekate to talking about Kali.

Hekate is the more stereotypically "witchy," of the two, IMHO; in the sense that if I want specific help with herbalism as probably the main example, she is who I will try and focus on. Kali is a healer as well, but I truthfully tend to view her as being more about general nutrition than specific elements.

Hekate seems to have taught me more about specific recipes, as well; whereas Kali is about dealing with leverage and more general principles.

Another major difference between the two is that Kali can be very sensual, whereas in my own experience at least, Hekate isn't, really. The two resonate with very different musical styles, as well; I would play Ratcat or something similar in the vaguely metal/industrial genre (Regurgitator maybe, although that is probably a bit too light) for Hecate, whereas Kali has her own established music, within the broader Indian culture.

I really do adore the above music; and I've had at least one instance where Ma seemed to respond to it very strongly as well. There was an evening with a thunderstorm, and I was seeing forked lightning arcing around right outside my bedroom window. The degree to which it resonates with me, along with what I've seen of Nepalese architecture in particular, has been more confirmation for me where Kali is concerned.


In general though I do agree they seem to be very similar in many things. Though Kali always gets me with her dark cavern, blazing eyes and shinning teeth as she smiles at you in the darkness.
Ma to me is very much about being in the proverbial eye of the storm. In other words, the reason why the cavern is scary, is not because of Kali herself, so much as the other stuff that tends to be swirling around/accompanying her. Her dakinis and handmaidens will tend to be more dangerous to you than she will herself. The Devi Kavacham, which is Ma's equivalent of the LBRP, is intended to protect you from the dakinis, among other things.

I actually had a similar experience to what you describe above, during a mushroom trip. My eyes were closed, and I was surrounded by this swirling circle of flourescent colours, like being at the center of a merry-go-round. I initially started panicking and feeling overwhelmed, when Kali began mentally explaining to me that existing at the center of such energy was actually fairly easy as long as you don't identify yourself with it, but simply let it flow around you rather than into you.

In that sense, I view psychedelic use as a good form of mental acrobatics; I've largely got to the point with mushrooms now where I can decide whether I want a good or bad trip, more or less at will. It requires a fairly light touch. Too much resistance will send it bad.


It's always womb like in feel yet you know its not a hole in the ground, a place in some dark void or anything that should remind you of a womb. At times I'd swear it's actually a place inside her own head which sort of reminds me of the Athena birthing story of being born from Zeus' head.
To the cybernetic mind, all reality is virtual.

I truthfully think it's fair to say that none of us really exist outside our own heads; at least in terms of where we get our cognitive input from. If you try and look for objectivity, you will ultimately end up chasing ghosts and shadows, or particles which are maybe 1% solid at most.

MonSno_LeeDra 03-06-19 12:17 PM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
Here's another's Thesis research project that can be added to your material on Hekate library.


Reflections on the Enigmatic Goddess: The Origins of Hekate and the Development of her Character to the End of the Fifth Century B.C.

This is a study aimed at reconsidering the origins, in the broadest sense of the word, of the ancient goddess Hekate. To the best of our knowledge, what is the geographical provenance of Hekate? What does the evidence for the goddess up to the end of the fifth century B.C. tell us about the development of her character in the Greek religious world? Why did Hekate acquire such frightening and evil connections to the supernatural and black magic by this point? Although several theories have been proposed about the origin of Hekate, a Karian provenance remains the most likely, notwithstanding the Hellenistic date of the evidence that is normally cited. Tenuous links and methodological flaws characterise the theories that she was Mycenaean or Mesopotamian, while the Thracian theory rests on a fallacious assumption that Hekate evolved from the Thracian Bendis. The Karian theory is propped up by a variety of data that allows us to draw back incrementally the date to which Hekate’s worship in the region may be assigned. Evidence until the end of the fifth century is chronologically dichotomous: the earliest evidence, Hesiod’s Theogony, depicts a great, benevolent goddess, while evidence from the second half of the fifth century characterizes Hekate as a malevolent deity connected to ghosts, witchcraft, and sorcery who could and would occasion grievous harm to people, especially parturient women or newborns. This aspect of Hekate’s divinity in relation to women’s transitions and the failure thereof seems to have become particularly pronounced following her introduction to the Panhellenic pantheon and her mythic subordination to Artemis. But did the goddess ever bear inherent connections to the dead, despite Hesiod’s glowing Hymn to her? Milesian archaeological evidence suggests she might have. However, it was the acquisition of magical properties that ultimately extinguished much of Hekate’s benevolence. It seems most likely that the Thessalian reputation for black magic, which was a direct result of medism in 485 and 480 B.C., was causative of this, given Hekate’s close association with the Thessalian Enodia.
There is a link for a downloadadble PDF file on the page

MonSno_LeeDra 03-06-19 12:19 PM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
Here's another resource to add to the list.

N. E. Akyürek Şahin, The Cult of Hecate in Lydia: Evidence from the Manisa Museum, Gephyra 13, 2016, 1-48.


The Cult of Hecate in Lydia: Evidence from the Manisa Museum
In this article, the cult of Hecate in Lydia is examined on the basis of both the Hecate monuments housed in the Manisa Museum and those whose Lydian origin is asserted by publications. The mo¬numents have been compiled in a catalogue and described archaeologically; they are com-mented on from the point of view of their significance for the cult of Hecate in Lydia. The cata-logue is divided into 5 parts: 1. The monuments whose provenance is established, 2. The monu-ments whose provenance remains unknown, 3. The monuments outside the museum, 4. Coins, 5. Two other monuments that may be related to Hecate. Till now only two inscriptions concerning the cult have been attested in Lydia (see cat. no. 6 and 8). Apart from the inscriptions, there are Hecateia and stelai and reliefs which depict the goddess. At the end we can state that the worship of Hecate is not particularly prevalent in Lydia. However, nearly 20 examples provide evidence for the existence of the goddess’ veneration in this region. Their find spots are Philadelphia, Maionia, Satala, Thyateira, Sardis, Kollyda and Sidas. By relying on their provenance, one can suggest that there were cultic places or local temples in the cities of Philadelphia and Maionia, and even in the countryside of Thyateira. We can learn from these monuments that the goddess was not wor-shipped in the whole of Lydia, but especially in the eastern parts of the region (north-western Lydian, i.e. the south of Mysia Abbaïtis). It is argued that this situation can be explained by the influences of Phrygian cult and culture on Lydia. In the west of Lydia, where this influence was not so strong and where Hellenization was very extensive, evidence for the cult of Hecate was quite scarce. Nearly all the monuments in this article date from the 2nd century A.D.
Keywords: Hecate; Lydia; Manisa Museum; Hecateion; Mysia Abbaïtis.

MonSno_LeeDra 03-06-19 12:21 PM

Re: Resource material for Hekate / Hecate study / research
The book is already listed in the main listing but here is one chapter from the book.

“Flower of Fire: Hekate in the Chaldean Oracles,” pp. 140-157 in Bearing Torches: A Devotional Anthology for Hekate, ed. Sannion et al. (Eugene, OR: Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 2009).

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